How many times have you exclaimed at a person saying that their personality matches your personality or you how do you instantly know if a person is introvert or extrovert, or how he reacts. And it is just not one person or two who are similar; we all are similar to one another in a way or the other. This is all a part of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator or the famous MBTI Test. Many of us also know it as 16 Personality Test, and it gives a lot of insights into who we are!
Want to know how?
Then keep reading further.
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator- MBTI
The Mother-daughter duo, Katharine Cook Myers, and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers founded the MBTI model. Their theory is based on the concept presented by Carl Jung, the Swiss Psychiatrist.
His approach was based on the four physiological functions or four essential traits an individual experiences in an everyday situation-sensation, intuition, feeling, and thinking.
These four functions are always present in an individual with one trait more dominant than others at a particular time.
The four categories involved in MBTI are- Introversion/Extroversion, Sensing/Intuition, Thinking/Feeling, and Judging/Perceiving. According to the theory, every person is said to possess traits from all the categories at different points. This makes a total of 16 characteristics for observation.
What are these 16 MBTI Personality Traits?
Every person is born with a set of personality traits and a way of perceiving and deciding. With the MBI model, these ways are classified and categorized in four opposite pairs, therefore resulting in 16 personality types.
These 16 personality types are referred with their abbreviation of the four letters; with the acronym as the initial letter of each word, except Institution, which is denoted by the letter ‘N’. for example:
ESTJ: extraversion (E), sensing (S), thinking (T), judgment (J)
INFP: introversion (I), intuition (N), feeling (F), perception (P)
How do you Know Your MBTI Personality Type?
To know the personality type you land in, it is essential to understand the preferences you have and how decisive you are. And, this can be explained with the following guide:
- World: depending on what you choose out of the outside world like socializing or the world inside you like spending time with yourself, what you choose, describes your Extraversion(E) and Introversion(I) trait.
- Interpretation: If you receive a piece of information, you focus on the necessary given information, or you interpret and add meaning to the data, then this personality type refers to Sensing(S) Intuition(N).
- Decision making: If, while making a decision, you look at the logic and consistency or if you first think about the people and circumstances around you, then your personality type is Thinking (T) or Feeling (F).
- Structure: While you are dealing with the outside world, you prefer to get things decided, or you like to stay open to new pieces of information and options, this is called Judging (J) or Perceiving (P).
After this, if you can decide upon your personality type by your preference in each category, you have your personality type, which you can express with a code of 4 words.
Let’s Understand What Wach of the 16 Personality Traits Are About
Let’s take a closer look in the traits of each of these personalities…
The people with the ISTJ personality type possess introverted, sensing, thinking and judging characteristics. They are dependable and systematic, enjoying working with a clear system and processes. Usually, they are thorough, conscientious, but sometimes can be rigid and impersonal.
The individuals under the ISFJ personality trait possess introverted, sensing, feeling and judging characteristics. They are patient individuals applying common sense and solving problems with a practical approach. These people are overly conscious, lack assertiveness, and take decisions based on what others will think.
The people with ISTP personality possess introverted, sensing, thinking and perceiving characteristics. They enjoy perfecting their skill with their patience. Such people are usually calm while managing a crisis, and take prompt decisions to arise at a conclusion.
The people with the ISFP personality type possess introverted, sensing, feeling and perceiving characteristics. They usually enjoy providing help to other people and like bringing people together and never forget to encourage their cooperation. These people are modest, adaptable, gentle, and loyal.
The people with the INFJ personality type possess introverted, intuitive, feeling and judging characteristics. They come across as individualistic, private, and somewhat mysterious to others. They share their vision with everyone, like inspiring others and usually devising new ways of achieving their vision.
People with INTJ personality traits possess introverted, intuitive, thinking and judging characteristic. They are often able to define a compelling, long-range vision, and can provide innovative solutions to complex problems.
The people with INFP personality type possess introverted, intuitive, feeling and perceiving characteristics. They are often devising creative solutions to problems, making moral commitments to what they believe in. They appreciate helping others with their growth and inner development to reach their full potential.
The people with INTP personality type possess introverted, intuitive, thinking and perceiving characteristics. They build conceptual models to understand complex problems. They tend to adopt a detached and concise way of analysing the world, and they also like to try new and innovative approaches.
The people with ESTP personality type possess extraverted, sensing, thinking and perceiving characteristics. They motivate others by bringing energy into situations. They are found applying common sense and experience to problems, quickly analysing what is wrong and then fixing it, often in an inventive or resourceful way.
The people with ESFP personality type possess extraverted, sensing, feeling and perceiving characteristics. They are adaptable, friendly, and talkative. They enjoy life and being around people, working with others and experiencing new situations.
The people with ESTJ personality type possess extraverted, sensing, thinking and judging characteristics. They drive themselves to reach their goal, organising people and resources in order to achieve it. They usually have an extensive network of contacts and are capable and willing to make tough decisions when necessary. ESFJ
The people with ENFP personality types possess extraverted, intuitive, feeling and perceiving characteristics. They like moving quickly from one project to another, willing to consider almost any possibility and often generate multiple solutions to a problem. They stimulate their energy with new people and experiences.
The people with ENTP personality type possess extraverted, intuitive, thinking and perceiving characteristics. They solve problems creatively and are often innovative in their way of thinking, seeing connections and patterns within a system.
The people with the ENFJ personality type possess extraverted, intuitive, feeling and judging characteristics. They are able to get the most out of teams by working closely with them and make decisions that respect and take into account the values of others.
The people with ENTJ personality type possess extraverted, intuitive, thinking and judging characteristics. They see the big picture and think strategically about the future. They efficiently organise people and resources in order to accomplish long-term goals and tend to be comfortable with taking strong leadership over others.
Are all MBTI Personality Types the Same?
The primary reason for the knowledge about your personality type is that it helps you understand yourself better and develop a healthy relationship with yourself.
Another reason is that it gives you the answer to basic questions like
Do you like socializing?
Are you good at making decisions?
Do you like impromptu things?
Do you like being serious or funny?
With these questions, there is always a counter-question that “ can you have two different personality traits at the same time?” This is where the MBIT model comes into the picture.
The goal of knowing your personality type is to appreciate the difference between the people because all the personality types are equal; there are no right or worst personality traits; there is no type.
How is the MBTI Model Different From Other Personality Traits?
The MBTI instrument is for sorting the preference and not measuring the trait, ability, or character. The MBTI tool is different from other personality test tools and physiological tools.
The main reason why you should choose the MBTI model is that it is reliable. Thousands of studies over the past 40 years have been valid. It is essential that the instrument you use for measuring your personality is validated and gives you accurate results because the dilemma, in any case, is not appreciated.
Limitations of MBTI Test
With advantages, there come disadvantages as well. And, same is the case with MBTI. Though MBTI is the best test a person can give for knowing their personality type, but it also has certain limitations:
Lack of Objectivity
The result of the MBTI test is based on the self-reporting of a person. If the person enters any false information, the results of the tests can change. The MBTI test does not assess exaggerated or socially desirable responses.
It is often stated by specialists that the terminologies used to describe a personality are vague and general.
The MBTI test is not entirely reliable. Sometimes, cases have been reported that if a person takes the test twice, the results get varied.
It has also been reported that the JP and the SN scales correlate with one another. Some have reported finding six different factors instead of four.
Conclusion- MBTI Test
The MBTI instrument is a model made out of theory proven by various scientists over a period of time. If you ever wish to know which personality traits you possess and where do you belong, you can take this test without hesitation.